Investing can be frustrating at times. The good news is that the basic principles are timeless and some people are great at encapsulating these in an insightful and easy to understand manner.
Here are some investment quotes that I find particularly useful.
Having a goal and a plan
“Financial peace isn’t the acquisition of stuff. It’s learning to live on less than you make, so you can give money back and have money to invest. You can’t win until you do this.” Dave Ramsey
The only way to be able to build wealth is to have a savings plan and invest, and you can only do this if you spend less than you earn.
“Put time on your side. Start saving early and save regularly. Live modestly and don’t touch the money that’s been set aside.” Burton G Malkiel
When investing, earlier you start the better. The next chart – my favourite - shows the value of $1 invested in various Australian asset classes since 1900 allowing for the reinvestment of any income along the way. That $1 would have grown to just $234 if invested in cash, $866 in bonds but a whopping $529,293 if invested in shares.
Source: Global Financial Data, AMP Capital
Short term share returns bounce all over the place and they can go through lengthy bear markets (shown with arrows on the chart). But the longer the time-period you allow to build your savings, the easier it is to look through short term market fluctuations, and the greater the time the compounding of higher returns from growth assets has to build on itself.
“If you fail to plan, you plan to fail.” Often attributed to Benjamin Franklin
Have a clear understanding of your investment goals, be it saving for a home or retirement or generating income to live on. Creating a plan to get there is critical.
The investment cycle
“Bull markets don’t die of old age but of exhaustion.” Anon
Bear markets are invariably preceded by excess in the economy – over investment, high levels of debt growth, high levels of inflation and tight monetary conditions – and excess in the share market in the form of overvaluation and investor euphoria. It’s this excess which drives exhaustion and hence the end of a bull market, not its age.
“The stock market has predicted 9 of the past 5 recessions.” Paul SamuelsonSignificant share market plunges usually elicit calls for impending recessions or deep bear markets. Most of the time though, it’s just noise. In the last 50 years in the US there have been 21 episodes of 10 per cent or greater share market falls, and only 7 of these accurately foretold a recession or bear market.
“The biggest investment risk is not the volatility of prices, but whether you will suffer a permanent loss of capital. Not only is the mere drop in stock prices not risk, but it is an opportunity.” Li Lu
Risk is much more than volatility. It’s the risk of capital loss; the risk of not having enough investment income; the risk of not having enough to last through retirement. It’s also perverse – the risk of capital loss is lowest after a period of high volatility and vice versa.
“The day after the market crashed on 19th October 1987, people began to worry that the market was going to crash.” Peter Lynch
This is perhaps a bit flippant, but it goes to the heart of crowd psychology and why it’s best to go against the crowd at extremes. The point of maximum risk is when most are euphoric, and the point of maximum opportunity is when most are pessimistic.
“It is easier being sceptical, than being right.” Benjamin Disraeli
The human brain evolved in a way that it leaves us hardwired to be on the lookout for risks. But when it comes to investing, succumbing too much to scepticism and pessimism doesn’t pay. Historically, since 1900 shares have had positive returns seven years out of 10 in the US and eight years out of 10 in Australia.
“A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity, an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.” Winston Churchill
This is what stops many investing after big falls – all they see are the reasons the market fell. Not the opportunity it provides.
“Without a saving faith in the future, no one would ever invest at all. To be an investor, you must be a believer in a better tomorrow.” Jason Zweig
If you don’t believe your term deposit is safe, that borrowers will pay back their debts, that companies will see good profits, and that properties will earn rents, then there is no point in investing.
“An investment said to have an 80% chance of success sounds far more attractive than one with a 20% chance of failure. The mind can’t easily recognise that they are the same.” Daniel Kahneman
Beware of tricks that your mind plays on you when investing. Be aware of these biases and try to correct them.
“Stock market news has gone from hard to find (in the 1970s and early 1980s), then easy to find (in the late 1980s), then hard to get away from.” Peter Lynch
The information revolution has given us access to an abundance of information and opinion regarding investment markets. The key is to recognise that much of the noise and opinion around investing is ill informed and of little value.
“The ability to focus is a competitive advantage in the world today.” Harvard Business Review
The key in the face of this information and opinion onslaught is to turn down the noise and focus.
“If you can keep your head when all about you are losing theirs…If you can wait and not be tired by waiting… If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you…Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it.” Rudyard Kipling, as quoted by Warren Buffett
Keeping your head and remaining calm is critical in times of extreme – when the crowd is convinced the path to instant riches has been revealed or when the crowd is convinced that economic disaster is upon us.
“I believe that economists put decimal points in their forecasts to show that they have a sense of humour.” William Gillmore Simms
The dismal track record of precise forecasts regarding things like economic growth, share prices and currency indicates that relying on them when investing can be dangerous. Good experts will help illuminate the way and put things in context so you don’t jump at shadows but don’t over rely on expert forecasts, particularly the grandiose ones.
Having a process
“I am going to reveal the grand secret to getting rich by investing. It’s a simple formula that has worked for Warren Buffett, Carl Icahn and the greatest investment gurus over the years. Ready? Buy low, sell high.” Larry Kudlow
Yep, it’s that simple.
“Three simple rules - pay less, diversify more and be contrarian – will serve almost everyone well.” John Kay
This helps bring the essentials of investing together.
“Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm.” Winston Churchill
As with all things we need to recognise that to learn, we need to make mistakes, and to be persistent.
“A calm and modest life brings more happiness than the pursuit of success combined with constant restlessness" Albert Einstein
This applies to life in general, but it also applies to investing – don’t jump around all over the place and keep it simple.
“A man should make all he can and give all he can.” Nelson Rockefeller
It’s not financially possible for everyone, but consider giving a bit away for good causes if you can – and not just for the tax deduction as you will feel good and it will bring good karma.
“The trouble with doing nothing is that you don’t know when you have finished.” Cafe blackboard in Byron Bay
So it’s always good to do something and investing is something worth doing (and worth doing well)!
While every care has been taken in the preparation of this article, AMP Capital Investors Limited (ABN 59 001 777 591, AFSL 232497) and AMP Capital Funds Management Limited (ABN 15 159 557 721, AFSL 426455) (AMP Capital) makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of any statement in it including, without limitation, any forecasts. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. This article has been prepared for the purpose of providing general information, without taking account of any particular investor’s objectives, financial situation or needs. An investor should, before making any investment decisions, consider the appropriateness of the information in this article, and seek professional advice, having regard to the investor’s objectives, financial situation and needs. This article is solely for the use of the party to whom it is provided and must not be provided to any other person or entity without the express written consent of AMP Capital.
This article is not intended for distribution or use in any jurisdiction where it would be contrary to applicable laws, regulations or directives and does not constitute a recommendation, offer, solicitation or invitation to invest.